July 15, 2007
Notes and News
- The US Department of Agriculture (USDA) has released an action plan for dealing with Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD), according to an article in the daily green. Or you can link directly to the plan here (PDF). It's not clear how this will be funded (they appear to be reallocating some existing funding). Senator Barbara Boxer (D-CA) has proposed legislation that would allocate $89 million for research into pollinator issues, and she hopes to get it included in the Farm Bill this year.
- The C.A.M. Report cites a study done in Thailand on the physiological effects of rubbing Ylang Ylang (Cananga odorata) on the skin. The study found that the ylang ylang users had lowered blood pressure and higher skin temperature, and felt more relaxed. This provides support for the use of ylang ylang in aromatherapy to produce relaxation and help relieve depression and stress.
- Speaking of ylang ylang, Reuters Africa reports that Comoros plans increase ylang ylang production by 33% over the next two years. They have planted 70,000 trees over the last two years that will be coming into production over the next few years. Most of the Comoros production goes to France for use in the perfume and aromatherapy industry. The article also discusses cloves and vanilla, pointing out that prices had collapsed in recent years, but are beginning to recover. The current price of ylang oil is around $184 (90-135 euros). The article claims that Comoros has a near monopoly on the ylang market. European funding has been provided for a reforestation program because of the impact of ylang's 16 hour distillation process, which consumes large amounts of wood.
- The C.A.M Report also cites an article in the August 2007 issue of Cat Fancy magazine pointing out the dangers of certain undiluted essential oils to cats. Lavender and Pennyroyal are mentioned but there doesn't seem to be much hard data.
- I give up--I'm going to have to report on this one, which has been covered on lot's of blogs, most deriving from pink tentacle. Pentel, the Japanese pencil manufacturer, has developed an Aromatherapy pencil lead. Using Nanotechnology (a buzzword for making things 1,000 times smaller than microtechnology) they have encapsulated essential oils in very small bubbles within the pencil lead so that it will have a life of up to 3 years in the unopened package, or 3 months in the open air. They are currently available in 3 aromatic blends: Refreshing, Healing, and Positive. They will be on the market in September under the brand name "Ain supplio" (at least in Japan). I wonder if they'll have them at Costco? My guess is using these won't stop people from stealing my pencils . . .
- One of those strange blogs that rips off an article from another blog or source on the web, runs it all together without formatting, and publishes it as its own, (seemingly 90% of all aromatherapy blogs) has picked up an article on "A Beginner's Guide to Using Aromatherapy with Children" from the Ezine Articles web site. This and several other articles were written by Misty Rae Cech, ND, who has an aromatherapy web site. My guess is this has been up on the web for some time. Since the Ezine Articles web site has acceptance guidelines similar to those for this blog, I will feel free to link to these articles when appropriate because they are not trying to sell or promote specific products. But we'll link to the original materials if possible.
- The New York Times Travel Section has an article today on the Fragonard perfumerie in Grasse, France, which gives tours.
July 13, 2007
A documentary movie that should be of interest to aromatic and herbal fans opened in New York on June 29, and will be opening in a few theatres across the country starting tonight. Dr. Bronner's Magic Soapbox, a documentary film by Sara Lamm, tells the story of the peppermint liquid soap with the cosmic message on the label and the man who made it. It may well be the first aromatic product that many of us used.
It's opening tonight (July 13) in Los Angeles, San Francisco and Hudson, NY with a one night stand in Sedona. Future firm dates are July 27 in Portland (OR) and Boston, and August 27 in Seattle. It's previously shown at several film festivals, including Mill Valley, Hamptons Intl, and Seattle Intl. It seems to be playing in small art theatres, so check the movie website listed above for details.
July 09, 2007
Meeting Between Cropwatch - The Perfume Foundation
Meeting Between Cropwatch - The Perfume Foundation
& the EU Cosmetics Commission Staff, Brussels, July 3rd 2007
[N.B. The following is Tony Burfield’s personal account of the meeting proceedings, and does not represent the agreed minutes, or represent the opinions of the other attendees].
Representatives from Cropwatch and The Perfume Foundation met senior personnel from the EU Cosmetics Commission at their avenue d’auderghem offices in Brussels on the afternoon of Tuesday July 3rd 2007 for a meeting that lasted 1h. 40 mins.
Tony Burfield, Co-founder Cropwatch
Creezy Courtoy, Chairman, Perfume Foundation
Henke Meijerink, Technical Director, Perfume Foundation
Sabine Lecrenier Head of Unit, Cosmetics Commission
Barbara Mentré, Administrator, Cosmetics Commission
Takis Daskaleros, Senior Administrator, Cosmetics Commission
Annette Orloff, Seconded National Expert, Cosmetics Commission
This cordial and constructive meeting started with individuals from all parties briefly explaining their respective roles, operating briefs & constraints. In what must be at times a difficult & maybe under-resourced position, the Commissioner explained the role of Safety Management & the role of DG Ent (Risk Assessment).
Areas of Improvement
The Commission staff explained that Cropwatch’s opinions had been instrumental into revisions of procedures Areas for improvement include transparency, data-gathering & the recruitment of further expertise e.g. in botany/economic botany. We all welcome attempts to strive for better standards & performance.
Areas of recommendation
Cropwatch was deeply concerned at the level of reliance & trust placed with industry & its privately funded research organizations, both to provide scientific data to the SCCP, & to source authentic samples of cosmetic ingredients for scientific investigation. The forwarding (say, to the SCCP, by industry) of a careful selection of certain scientific publications on cosmetic ingredients can, of course, provide the potential to generate slanted Opinions & policy, unless balancing data from more comprehensive data-base searching is made available. Further, the opportunity for the continuing development of ‘Corporate Science’ (as opposed to truly Independent Science) is surely present where so many industry-based toxicologists are busy employed feeding (often unchallenged) data into EU expert committees. There is a need for an independent assessor as a buffer between industry-generated information & EU scientific administrative staff & lawyers.
An urgent recommendation was also made by Cropwatch to independently establish sample authentication, batch tracking & purity data for proffered commercially sourced samples, & to send back submitted data where these requirements are not satisfactorily established. This will save a considerable amount of time in preventing the adverse reactions of ingredients being wrongfully ascribed to the substance under investigation instead of the synthetic impurities.
Areas of Disagreement
Cropwatch & the Perfume Foundation identified a number of areas where the parties have fundamentally opposing views. .
1. Cropwatch & The Perfume Foundation believe that we need to establish a Fragrance Commission which is specifically concerned with the matters concerning fragrance regulation. Fragrance covers not only cosmetics, toiletries & fine fragrances, but air-freshners, candles & incense, & household & miscellaneous categories also. The alternative can only be that the EU Cosmetics Commission urgently reforms, correct & modify its existing remits & practices.
2. Risk-benefit analyses for the evaluation of the safety of fragrance ingredients was ruled out as a` possibility by Takis Daskaleros in conversation. This is not acceptable to Cropwatch, who anyway believe that EU staff misunderstands the concept of ‘benefit’ in this context – but there was not an opportunity at the meeting to explore this point further.
3. Since fragrance is as much a high-art form as much as it is a science, the existing. tunnel-visioned approach by the present Commission to perfume safety to the exclusion of socio-economic, ecological, cultural & heritage matters is simply not acceptable. Joined-up thinking with regard to consequences of cosmetic policies needs urgent consideration, perhaps in conjunction with other EC or globally-based organizations. At a time when we are all working for a better & greener planet, the Cosmetics Commission cannot excuse from the ecological consequences of its policies just because of its authoritative position.
4. Although the Cosmetics Commission is responsible for seeing that manufacturers place safe cosmetics on the marketplace, the Commission point-blank refuses to define “safety”. We believe that this position is untenable. European taxpayers are entitled to a quantification of the relative risks of using cosmetic preparations & ingredients. We further believe that the latest SCCP operating CoP (which maintains that risk assessment quantification is outside its scope) needs rewriting to justify its policies wrt to perceived risk.
5. Expanding point 3 above, joined-up thinking is especially applicable to the socio-economic & ecological aspects associated with banning or restricting cosmetic ingredients, where, as a consequence of natural ingredient usage decline, it causes hardship or threaten survival of the natural resource (cf. Peru Balsam forests in El Salvador). Cropwatch believes that cultivation or processing technical fixes are available for many of the adverse reactions produced by restricted ingredients, and we need to find funding solutions to help those social groups which are directly affected.
1. Furanocoumarins. We understand that the RIFM-contracted studies on the individual FCF’s bergamottin & isopimpinellin which were undertaken by Prof. David Kirkland of Covance UK, have been forwarded to the SCCP. Cropwatch has asked that these privately submitted studies be made available for public scrutiny in the interests of transparency.
Cropwatch believes that limitation of FCF’s to 1 ppm in cosmetic products will be economically divisive and set the stage for violation of Fair Trading Principles [i.e. it will selectively disadvantage SME’s and those operating from undeveloped regions in the citrus commodity sector, who cannot afford the investment in technology to reduce FCF levels]. Cropwatch is further asking for a public consultation on the issue.
2. Inhalation toxicity.
Cropwatch-Perfume Foundation representatives were somewhat aghast to learn that inhalation toxicity / allegations of adverse connections between perfume & breathing problems, asthma etc. hardly figured on the Commissions agenda, showing how much, in our opinion, dermatological matters have over-influenced EU cosmetic safety policy, to the detriment of other areas of concern. We were assured that this omission would be put right.
3. The single ingredient approach to toxicology.
The FCF issue is a particular illustrative case where ‘laboratory bench’ investigations of the alleged toxicity of an isolated single component within a complex biological matrix may be completely misleading. We need protocols that investigate the toxicity of the actual complex ingredients themselves rather than isolated versions of the individual constituents of the ingredients, versions which are often impure (with unspecified impurities), or composed of the wrong isomer(s) compared with the natural isolate.
4. SCCP Reform. Cropwatch has been asking research teams who have submitted data to the SCCP (either indirectly via published papers, or who have submitted data directly to the SCCP), whether they consider that their work has been fairly & correctly expertly assessed & reviewed in an unbiased manner. Although Cropwatch has only carried this out on a very limited scale, the results are alarming. An urgent internal investigation is needed.
Further, Cropwatch & many of its supporters do not consider Ian White as a suitably independent & unbiased chairman of the SCCP. We would like to have certain SCCP Opinions independently re-examined, and we intend to submit or publish evidence, to support this endeavor.
5. Subject areas for safety re-assessment. There is a large group of people with independent scientific opinions who do not necessarily agree with the findings, views and policy of the EU Cosmetics Commission, and most especially with its ‘expert’ advisers. These issues include the subjects of alleged methyl eugenol carcinogenicity, certain banned or restricted materials within the Cosmetics Directive, & the large & controversial subject of alleged sensitisers amongst common aroma ingredients.
Although areas of disagreement are both considerable & deep, this initial meeting was very encouraging and sets an optimistic air for the future. Cropwatch would like to thank the Brussels staff for the valuable opportunity to dialogue and for each party to have an insight into each others’ policies.
July 9, 2007.